1.1. Increase the leadership capacity of local government to address food systems challenges.1.1.1. Identify key existing positions in local government that oversee food systems issues.
1.1.2. Create a full time Food Systems Coordinator position within County
1.1.3. Create a full time Food Systems Coordinator position within City government.
1.1.4. Create shared food systems measurement frameworks
1.1.5. Support the development of a statewide Pennsylvania Food Policy Council
Good Food Governance; Leadership/Staffing; Network/Bodies/Council (FPCs); Food System Coordination;

1.2. Identify existing and create new funding mechanisms to support regional food systems development.

1.2.1. Develop resource of funding opportunities relevant to food systems development
1.2.2. Create a transparent and inclusive mechanism to catalyze financial support to advance strategies outlined in the Greater Pittsburgh Food Action Plan.
1.2.3. Advocate for increased public investment in food systems development.

Good Food Governance; Network/Bodies/Council (FPCs); Food System Coordination; Funding & Investment Strategies; Good/Local Food Economies; Regional Coordination

1.3. Strengthen the capacity of Pittsburgh Food Policy Council to serve as backbone organization to implement the Greater Pittsburgh Food Action Plan

1.3.1. Secure financial support to facilitate implementation of the Greater Pittsburgh Food Action Plan.
1.3.2. Strengthen communications infrastructure to advance implementation of the Greater Pittsburgh Food Action Plan
1.3.3. Research best practices for institutionalizing relationships between the
Pittsburgh Food Policy Council and local government agencies.

Good Food Governance; Network/Bodies/Council (FPCs); Food System Coordination; Food System Plan Implementation;

2.1. Improve access to land and capital for farmers, especially new and beginning farmers and farmers of color.

2.1.1. Utilize a buy, protect, lease strategy to make farmland available to farmers at affordable rates.
2.1.2. Pay farmers to permanently protect existing farmland with easements.
2.1.3. Provide incentives for sales of farmland to new and beginning farmers and farmers of color.
2.1.4. Create a central source of information on farmland availability and funding opportunities for farmers.
2.1.5. Improve public awareness of and outreach for various land access programs within and outside of Pittsburgh.
2.1.6. Provide longer term land access via transition from Adopt-A-Lot or local incubators like the Hilltop Urban Farm to Farm-A-Lot.
2.1.7. Work with municipalities to support zoning and municipal code changes that allow agricultural activities in places that do not have the right to farm established.
2.1.8. Research mechanisms to improve access to capital for farmers.
Equity & Justice; Agriculture & Food Production; Farm & Producer Business Support; Young, Beginning, and Small (YBS) Farmers; Land Access; Conservation & Land Management; Financing/Affordability, Land; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Public messaging & marketing; Farmland zoning & regulations

2.2. Make education, training and mentorships available for beginning and seasoned farmers.

2.2.1. Support and expand existing farmer training and mentorship opportunities including business planning and financial management.
2.2.2. Bridge gap between existing training programs and land access opportunities.
2.2.3. Create a “new farmer pipeline” to connect training opportunities across a farmers lifespan.
2.2.4. Expand reach and scope of the Pittsburgh Urban Growers Professional Development Scholarship fund.

Equity & Justice; Agriculture & Food Production; Farm & Producer Business Support; Young, Beginning, and Small (YBS) Farmers; Training & Education, Agriculture; Land Access; Good Food Governance; Funding & Investment Strategies

2.3. Promote and incentivize conservation
practices and soil health.

2.3.1. Promote improved soil quality by creating a peer-reviewed certification
mechanism for nutritious, regenerative soil.
2.3.2. Increase public awareness of soil testing services.
2.3.3. Develop an urban soils management guide.
2.3.4. Develop program to pay farmers for ecological production practices.

Agriculture & Food Production; Training & Education, Agriculture; Land & Resource Use; Conservation & Land Management; Sustainable Agriculture; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Community Outreach; Good/Local Food Economies; Equity & Justice;

2.4. Conduct municipal waste audits.

2.4.1. Conduct municipal waste audits to develop baseline data for waste reduction strategies.
Land & Resource Use; Food Waste; Equity & Justice; Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning; Good Food Governance

2.5. Advocate for legislation to support a reduction in food waste.

2.5.1. Advocate for increased landfill tipping fees.
2.5.2. Develop a model land use policy supportive of composting.
2.5.3. Advocate for policies that mandate food waste reduction.
Good Food Governance; Advocacy; Legislation; Food Waste; Equity & Justice;

2.6. Support business and institutional efforts to divert food waste into compost.

2.6.1. Create incentives for institutions and businesses to compost their food waste.
Equity & Justice; Food Waste; Commercial Food Waste

2.7. Provide compost education and support to
the general public.

2.7.1. Increase awareness about Pennsylvania waste related policies and funding.
2.7.2. Develop targeted educational and awareness campaigns on the value and benefits of compost.
2.7.3. Create a statewide helpline to support residents and community groups with
questions pertaining to composting.
Equity & Justice; Food Waste; Household Food Waste; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Training & Education, General; Public messaging & marketing; Community Outreach

2.8. Support household efforts to divert food waste into compost.

2.8.1. Develop central drop off locations for residential compost.
2.8.2. Continue to explore the potential and feasibility of municipal composting programs.
2.8.3. Research ways for municipalities to provide financial incentives to residents to compost as a waste reduction measure.
Equity & Justice; Food Waste; Household Food Waste

2.9. Increase the numbers of edible trees and native plants on city and county public land.

2.9.1. Research the benefits and process of establishing edible food forests and trails.
2.9.2. Prioritize edible trees and native plants in landscaping projects.
Equity & Justice; Community Food Growing; Food Sovereignty; Good Food Governance; Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning

3.1. Streamline resources and supports available to food entrepreneurs.

3.1.1. Develop a centralized hub to provide a comprehensive, easily-accessible guide of information and resources available for new and emerging food businesses in Allegheny County.
3.1.2. Create a joint City-County food business liaison staff position.
3.1.3. Design financial literacy education specific to food businesses and food entrepreneurs.
3.1.4. Develop networks for strengthening connections and information sharing between food entrepreneurs.
Good/Local Food Economies; Small Business Support; Workforce Development; Entrepreneurship; Training & Education, General; Leadership/Staffing; Good Food Governance; Food System Coordination;

3.2. Work with lenders to create new opportunities to support small scale food entrepreneurs.
3.2.1. Identify gaps in existing sources of capital.
3.2.2. Research alternative funding methods and best practices for funding food entrepreneurs.

Good/Local Food Economies; Workforce Development; Entrepreneurship; Good Food Governance; Funding & Investment Strategies; Research & Innovation

3.3. Support food entrepreneurs from historically marginalized communities.
3.3.1. Address unique barriers faced by women, immigrants, and people of color.
3.3.2. Increase awareness and accessibility of resources for small business owners across the county’s diverse immigrant population.
3.3.3. Translate food resources into languages for immigrant and refugee populations in this area.
3.3.4. Explore procurement strategies to make culturally appropriate foods more accessible.

Good/Local Food Economies; Public Procurement; Small Business Support; Public Procurement; Equity & Justice; Workforce Development; Entrepreneurship; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Public Messaging & Marketing

3.4. Encourage restaurants to adopt sustainable practices.
3.4.1. Encourage restaurants to pursue their Sustainable Pittsburgh Restaurant designation and improve sustainability practices.
3.4.2. Encourage restaurants to join the Restaurant Opportunities Center’s Restaurants Advancing Industry Standards in Excellence (RAISE) Campaign.
3.4.3. Provide education to chefs and local restaurant owners about local sourcing and sustainable practices.
Good/Local Food Economies; Business Regulations; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Public Messaging & Marketing; Workforce Development; Training & Education, General; Retailer Market Access; Food Availability (retailers);

3.5. Reduce barriers to food safety regulatory compliance for growers and value added producers.
3.5.1. Advocate for updating Allegheny County Health Department’s cottage food regulations to align with Pennsylvania state standards.
3.5.2. Increasing funding and awareness for programs that help growers meet Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) certification standards.
3.5.3. Support Group Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) Certification for small scale growers and gardeners.
Good/Local Food Economies; Food Safety; Business regulations; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Public Messaging & Marketing; Good Food Governance; Funding & Investment Strategies; Agriculture & Food Production; Farm & Producer Business Support

3.6. Provide support for increased capacity, operations, and communication for farmers markets.
3.6.1. Foster collaboration between markets with the development of a Farmers Market
Coordination Plan.
3.6.2. Increase advertising and promotional efforts for farmers markets.
3.6.3. Develop a large, indoor, year-round farmers market.
Good/Local Food Economies; Local brand promotion; Good Food Governance; Food System Coordination; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Public messaging & marketing; Food Security; Food Access (consumer)
3.7. Advance farm viability, sales & marketing.3.7.1. Explore strategies to incentivize the purchasing of local food.
3.7.2. Provide funding to reimburse farmers and organizations that provide training to farmers.
3.7.3. Increase small and urban farm sustainability funding that provides direct investment in farmers and new food enterprises.
3.7.4. Support national efforts advocating for fair pricing for farmers and competitive markets.
Good/Local Food Economies; Retailer Market Access; Food Availability (retailers); Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Agriculture & Food Production; Training & Education, Agriculture; Farm & Producer Business Support; Small Business Support; Regional Coordination; Producer Market Access; Good Food Governance; Legislation; Advocacy; Funding & Investment Strategies

3.8. Increase connections between growers and buyers.
3.8.1. Facilitate annual/regular convening of growers, distributors, processors, and buyers.
3.8.2. Research other methods to strengthen connections between farms and purchasers.
3.8.3. Facilitate connections between schools and farms.
Good/Local Food Economies; Retailer Market Access; Food System Coordination; Good Food Governance; Food in Public Institutions; Food in Schools; Nutrition & Health; Producer Market Access; Supply Chain Infrastructure; Agriculture & Food Production; Food Processing; Food Aggregation & Food Hubs

3.9. Expand processing capacity in the region.
3.9.1. Develop proposal for establishment of co-packing facility in Allegheny County.
3.9.2. Support expansion of existing processing facilities through public-private partnerships.
3.9.3. Increase number of freezing facilities and cold storage facilities in Allegheny County.
3.9.4. Research factors limiting meat processing in Western Pennsylvania.
Good/Local Food Economies; Supply Chain Infrastructure; Food Processing; Public Private Partnerships; Good Food Governance; Food Storage; Food System Coordination;

3.10. Leverage the power of institutional procurement to strengthen our regional food system.

3.10.1. Work with universities and hospitals in our region to adopt procurement policies that support the regional food economy.
Good/Local Food Economies; Public Procurement; Food in Public Institutions; Food in Schools; Nutrition & Health

3.11. Improve sourcing infrastructure for smaller grocers.
3.11.1. Explore opportunities to create sourcing partnerships between small grocers and unconventional wholesalers, such as the Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank or Giant Eagle.
3.11.2. Develop a purchasing cooperative of small grocers.
Good/Local Food Economies; Supply Chain Infrastructure; Food System Coordination; Regional Collaboration; Good Food Governance; Small Business Support

3.12. Provide public resources to small retail businesses that provide healthy food.
3.12.1. Develop a standardized definition of healthy food retail business.
3.12.2. Develop grants, incentives, and other economic supports from the City and County government for healthy food retail businesses.
Good/Local Food Economies; Small Business Support; Nutrition Regulations; Nutrition & Health; Advocacy; Good Food Governance; Funding & Investment Strategies

3.13. Protect and expand food systems worker rights in the State of Pennsylvania.
3.13.1. Support a minimum wage increase to at least $15 an hour.
3.13.2. Advocate for the elimination of exceptions to the minimum wage protections.
3.13.3. Advocate for aggressive implementation of earned paid sick days and health care coverage for food systems jobs.
3.13.4. Advocate for an increase in the overtime threshold for salaried workers.
3.13.5. Advocate for fair scheduling laws.
3.13.6. Promote stronger enforcement of labor and employment laws.
3.13.7. Support programs that reduce workplace sexual harassment in the restaurant industry.
Good/Local Food Economies; Labor/Food Workers; Food Worker Wages; Worker Safety; Good Food Governance; Advocacy; Legislation

3.14. Invest in food systems workforce development infrastructure.
3.14.1. Conduct comprehensive assessment of food system workforce, including existing workforce development investments and projected workforce needs.
3.14.2. Develop a training program for workforce in institutional kitchens to increase their capacity to handle and process fresh, healthy produce.
Good/Local Food Economies; Labor/Food Workers; Workforce Development; Training & Education, General; Supply Chain Infrastructure; Food Processing; Good Food Governance; Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning;

3.15. Increase our region’s capacity to conduct rigorous, relevant food systems research.
3.15.1. Formalize a western Pennsylvania regional research collaborative.Good/Local Food Economies; Good Food Governance; Food System Coordination; Data Collection & Monitoring; Network/Bodies/Council (FPCs); Research & Innovation

4.1. Improve food retail environment in communities experiencing food apartheid.

4.1.1. Define and designate Healthy Food Priority Areas to encourage investment into highest need areas.
4.1.2. Change zoning codes to incentivize the establishment of healthy corner stores.
4.1.3. Research the impact of Dollar Stores in low income communities throughout Allegheny County.
4.1.4. Increase funding for mobile markets.
4.1.5. Research feasibility of adding produce markets in alternative locations.
4.1.6. Support existing small grocers in developing produce stands in other retail locations with limited fresh food offerings.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Equity & Justice; Food Availability (retailers); Retailer Market Access; Retail Zoning; Alternative Food Distribution Tactics; Good Food Governance; Advocacy; Food Access (consumer); Research & Innovation; Small Business Support; Good/Local Food Economies

4.2. Expand the impact and reach of food pantry networks.

4.2.1. Research opportunity to develop a network of food pantries to share resources and best practices.
4.2.2. Explore strategies to increase fresh produce available at food pantries.
4.2.3. Develop and share a best practice model for food security screenings at
hospitals and doctors offices.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Food as Medicine; Good Food Governance; Food System Coordination; Food Availability (retailers); Food Access (consumer); Purchasing Power (consumers); Food & Income Assistance programs; Food Aggregation & Food Hubs; Supply Chain Infrastructure

4.3. Work with schools to increase access to healthy food for children and families.

4.3.1. Streamline the application for the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program.
4.3.2. Research innovative uses for school garden produce.
4.3.3. Promote 30 minute minimum lunch period in schools.
4.3.4. Increase use of school backpack programs.
4.3.5. Encourage the adoption of alternative school breakfast models, such as Breakfast in the Classroom, Grab and Go, or Second Chance Breakfast.
4.3.6. Encourage Pittsburgh Public Schools to adopt procurement policies that align with the Good Food Purchasing Program.
4.3.7. Advocate for legislation that would increase children’s access to school meals.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Food in Public Institutions; Food in Schools; Good/Local Food Economies; Public Procurement; Community Food Growing; Food Sovereignty; Alternative food distribution tactics; Food Availability; Advocacy; Good Food Governance; Legislation; Equity & Justice;

4.4. Improve quality and availability of food offered through child nutrition programs.

4.4.1. Increase WIC participation rates by reducing barriers faced by retailers and participants.
4.4.2. Increase food vendors that are supplying snacks and meals for out-of-school time and early childcare programs through the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) and Summer Food Service Program (SFSP).
4.4.3. Increase number of afterschool and summer meal sites throughout Allegheny County.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Food & Income Assistance (SNAP, WIC, etc.); Purchasing Power (consumers); Food Availability (retailers); Food in Public Institutions; Food in Schools; Equity & Justice;

4.5. Advocate for strengthening and expanding the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

4.5.1. Increase funding for SNAP incentive programs for purchasing fruits and vegetables.
4.5.2. Change the federal calculation for SNAP benefits to reflect the real cost of food.
4.5.3. Increase awareness of eligibility for SNAP benefits among immigrant communities.
4.5.4. Utilize SNAP to reduce food insecurity on college campuses.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Food Access (consumer); Food & Income Assistance (SNAP, WIC, etc.); Good Food Governance; Legislation; Advocacy; Equity & Justice; Food in Public Institutions; Food in Schools; Public Messaging & Marketing; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement)

4.6. Advance food security through prioritizing equity in the planning, development, and funding of public investments.

4.6.1. Conduct comprehensive research and mapping of community food access and transit needs across Allegheny County.
4.6.2. Develop and implement a food access rubric for planning, development, and
funding in housing, retail, and transportation.
4.6.3. Enhancing planning standards to include all modes of transportation and access.
4.6.4. Advocate for increased state investment in public transportation and multimodal transportation connections in our region.

Food Security; Food Availability (retailers); Nutrition & Health; Food Access (consumer); Good Food Governance; Advocacy; Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning; Research & Innovation; Food Access (consumer); Public Transport & Infrastructure;

4.7. Reduce cost and increase accessibility of public transportation.

4.7.1. Advocate for changes to make transportation more affordable to low-income riders.
4.7.2. Expand public transportation infrastructure prioritized by equity and utilization measures.
4.7.3. Reduce overall travel time.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Public Transportion & Infrastructure; Food Access (consumer); Advocacy; Good Food Governance; Equity & Justice;

4.8. Improve partnerships and communication capacity of municipal governments to connect residents to community food services.

4.8.1. Increase communication with and support for municipal governments in instituting policies and programming to address food security.
4.8.2. Develop easy-to-use tools for municipalities to direct residents to food resources available in their communities.
4.8.3. Research examples and best practices of municipal level food security interventions to be shared with municipal leaders.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Good Food Governance; Food System Coordination; Alternative Food Distribution Tactics; Food Availability (retailers); Leadership/Staffing; Regional Collaboration; Research & Innovation

4.9. Explore opportunities to disincentivize the purchasing of sugary beverages.

4.9.1. Research interventions available in Allegheny County.
4.9.2. Pursue State legislation to disincentivize sugary beverage purchasing.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Nutrition Regulations; Good Food Governance; Advocacy; Research & Innovation; Legislation

5.1. Build food sovereignty and food democracy.

5.1.1. Incorporate food systems into all municipal and neighborhood planning efforts.
5.1.2. Strengthen the leadership and capacity of neighborhood-level food justice
5.1.3. Connect community food leaders to local government officials.
5.1.4. Develop strategies to build community wealth.

Food Sovereignty; Good Food Governance; Food System Plan Implementation; Food System Coordination; Good/Local Food Economies; Equity & Justice

5.2. Promote dignity and fairness across our food system for all.

5.2.1. Increase awareness among food systems workers of their legal rights.
5.2.2. Support the Driving Pennsylvania Forward campaign.

Food Sovereignty; Labor/Food Workers; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Community Outreach; Training & Education, General; Funding & Investment Strategies; Good Food Governance

5.3. Elevate the voice and build power of food systems workers in our region.

5.3.1. Understand and increase connections between workers throughout the food system.
5.3.2. Strengthen worker power by expanding labor unions across the food system.
5.3.3. Support the inclusion of farmworkers in legal worker protections.
5.3.4. Support organizing efforts among food systems workers unable to unionize through their workplace..

Food Sovereignty; Land & Resource Use; Equity & Justice; Network/Bodies/Council (FPCs); Good Food Governance; Climate Mitigation; Food System Coordination

5.4. Work to ensure the right to clean air and
water for all citizens.

5.4.1. Determine opportunities for partnership between the Pittsburgh Food Policy Council and environmental justice organizations.

Food Security; Nutrition & Health; Food & Income Assistance (SNAP, WIC, etc.); Purchasing Power (consumers); Food Availability (retailers); Food in Public Institutions; Food in Schools; Equity & Justice;

5.5. Create opportunities for community celebrations of food.

5.5.1. Support community events that promote local food.
5.5.2. Research program models to encourage community meals.
5.5.3. Explore possibility of reviving the Allegheny County Fair.

Food Sovereignty; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Research & Innovation; Good Food Governance

5.6. Increase local government support for community and backyard gardens.

5.6.1. Create fund to support community garden manager positions.
5.6.2. Connect elected officials with gardening projects in their districts.
5.6.3. Research ways to illustrate, in monetary terms, the value of community gardens.

Food Sovereignty; Community Food Growing; Urban Garden Zoning & Regulations; Good Food Governance; Leadership/Staffing; Research & Innovation

5.7. Improve coordination, collaboration, and training of food education program providers.

5.7.1. Create network of food education providers.
5.7.2. Improve communications about healthy cooking and shopping classes and demonstrations available to the general public, especially those experiencing food insecurity.
5.7.3. Train teachers and educators on how to incorporate food systems into curriculums.

Food Sovereignty; Good Food Governance; Food System Coordination; Network/Bodies/Council (FPCs); Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); Community Outreach; Training & Education, General; School Curricula

5.8. Expand food systems literacy throughout the County.

5.8.1. Expand youth based, culturally-appropriate food literacy education, adding more food systems curriculum to schools, clubs, after school programs, juvenile detention facilities, and community centers.
5.8.2. Develop a county-wide food systems public education campaign.

Food Sovereignty; Culture Shift (Good Food Movement); School Curricula; Training & Education, General; Public Messaging & Marketing; Food & Nutrition Literacy; Nutrition & Health

Plan Information

CategoryDatabase entry
Plan RegionAllegheny County
Publication Date2020
Entry reviewed by original authorYes
PDF attachmentView Full Report
Plan TitleGreater Pittsburgh Food Action Plan
Author(s)Pittsburgh Food Policy Council (PFPC) – organized by PFPC project core, with the help of a 23-person project team of stakeholders and affiliates
Author Type Network; Food Policy Council
Region Type County
Funding Sources Foundations
Funders2020 Plan development: Heinz Foundation (primary funder)
2020 – 2021 funding partners: Aetna Foundation, Allegheny County Health Department, American Public Health Association, Closing the Hunger Gap & Why Hunger, Food & Farm Communications Fund, Panta Rhea Foundation, Pasa Sustainable Agriculture, Richard King Mellon Foundation, The Heinz Endowments, The Opportunity Fund, The Sampson Foundation, USDA Farm to School Grant Program & Grow Pittsburgh
Total Project Budget2020 Plan: Budget Unspecified
Plan GoalsThe vision of the Pittsburgh Food Policy Council is articulated on the website as “A regional food system, rooted in collaborative, community-based decisions, that prioritizes equity and supports the health of our people, our natural resources and our economy” (2022). Within the Food Action Plan, the Food Policy Council outlines their core values to be at the heart of this vision as follows:
• “A just food system counters systemic economic, racial and gender-based disparities.• An equitable food system is one in which healthy, culturally-appropriate foods are accessible and affordable for all.• A sustainable food system operates with care for human beings, the environment, and the financial well-being of everyone throughout the system” (p. 4).
The central purpose of the food action plan is to identify relevant stakeholders/networks and to detail strategies for transformation, implementation, and evaluation.
This plan outlines five central goals to use as a structure for this document. The goals are as follows:1. “Enhance coordination and communication  among existing food systems’ resources and agencies,2. Center the roles of equity, sustainable agriculture and environmental stewardship in a healthy food system,3. Support a robust regional food economy that benefits all,4. Improve food security and public health by increasing availability and accessibility of nutritious, high-quality, affordable and locally sourced food,5. Build community power based on the principle of food sovereignty for all residents” (p. 5).
Intended AudienceThe Food Action Plan is written for an audience ranging from policymakers, to stakeholders, funders, and consumers.
Plan Recommendation StructureThe Food Action Plan is structured around the 5 broad goals (see “Plan Goals” above). Each goal includes recommendations and sub-strategies. In total, the GPFAP includes 143 strategies. Within each strategy, the plan identifies:
i) relevant stakeholders; ii) current status; iii) next steps; and iv) potential evaluation measures.
Catalyst for PlanThis plan was created from the “recognized need for a shared vision and greater coordination among the many entities working to create food systems change across Southwestern Pennsylvania” (p. 4). 
Creation ProcessThe creation process took places between October 2017 – July 2020 (p. 7) and is articulated in three stages:
1. Information gathering/research: Food Policy Audit, including the input from 24 municipalities (attached); State of the Food System report (attached); engagement sessions with 140 participants in total, and surveys with 450 responses (findings detailed at  
2. Recommendation development: Stakeholder roundtables including 70 participants; project team review, discussion, decision-making, etc.
3. Recommendation review: Public comment period
A summary of these findings is found on pages 8-15 in the Food Action Plan.

Leadership/oversight (p. 5):  1. Project Core: PFPC staff, 2 consultants, 2 Fellows, 1 intern (dedicated staff).
2. Project Team: PFPC Steering Committee members and representatives from government and academic sectors (met monthly).
3. Advisory Committee: elected officials/decision makers from public health, economic development, environment, and planning sectors (met annually).
4. Sub-committees: Engagement sessions; Policy pathway; Data team; Strategy inventory; Evaluation (from
Theoretical Framework(s) Employed  N/A
Theoretical Framework(s): Additional LiteratureWithin the introduction of the Food Action Plan, the Pittsburgh Food Policy Council describes themselves “as a member based, collective impact organization” (p. 4). The Pittsburgh Food Policy Council is guided by a collective impact framework, however, this is not specific to the plan itself.
Development Timeline3 years
Implementation StrategyEvery recommendation offers clear, specific strategies for implementation. 
As mentioned in the “Plan Recommendation Structure,” the GPFAP breaks down each recommendation with specific strategies that include:
 i) relevant stakeholders to inform the audience who is involved, or needs to be involved in the strategy; ii) current status of what has been explored to date; iii) next steps for stakeholders to take to reach the strategy; and iv) potential evaluation measures as a suggestion for measurement.
Additionally, once the Plan was completed, PFPC, Steering Committee, and the working group members worked to identify nine priority areas to implement. Annual progress and impact reports are published to track process of implementation.
Implementation TimelineUnspecified
Evaluation StrategyEach recommendation offers around two potential evaluation measures. These evaluation measures range in specificity, such as “Does an inclusive Communications Committee exist? [Yes/No]” (p. 25), or “Develop a targeted increase in preserved farmland in Allegheny County” (p. 28).
Additionally, the GPFAP continues to publish an “Annual Report,” which includes a Progress Report and Impact report (see 2020-2021 Report attached).
International Development Framework(s)None
Current Plan StatusActive
Government Adoption StatusNot Adopted
Government Adoption Status (Notes)This project is actively partnering with government agencies, however, no government entity has adopted the framework as a formal guide.
Supplemental Documents (to be attached within the AirTable)View Supplemental Documents